Australia grows more than 100 different grape varieties scattered in 65 distinct wine regions. Each region celebrates its unique climate and landscape by crafting some of the most exceptional wines in the world. This is a guide on varieties of Australian wines.
This is one of the most exciting and elegant dry white wines in the world. It is an aromatic light- to medium-bodied wine with a high acid presence and is best drinkable when it’s very young. Clare Valley, Eden Valley, Tasmania, Great Southern (WA) and Canberra District are best known for producing Australian Rieslings.
This wine variety hails from France but has been produced in Australia since the 1800s. To get Sauvignon Blanc, the grapes are picked when ripe and then fermented in stainless steel tanks to maintain freshness and vibrancy. The result is a tropical fruit expression with citrus tastes. It is popularly produced in Adelaide Hills, Margaret River, Tasmania and Orange.
Chardonnay is a wine variety that allows for experimentation. Australia makes lean and light-bodied chardonnay wines in cooler climates and fuller-bodied, rich and ripe versions in warm climates. Adelaide Hills, Yarra Valley, Tasmania, Margaret River, Hunter Valley and Mornington Peninsula have wineries that specialise in producing chardonnay.
Rose is produced by crushing the grapes, and all the liquid is freely drained from the skins to the tank before being squeezed. The result is a wine balanced in acidity with high levels of purity in fruit aroma and flavour, readily produced in Yarra Valley, Tasmania, Langhorne Creek, and others.
This is the type of wine variety that requires the early pressing of the grapes. Pressing is the process that separates the red juice from its skin. This early pressing gives the wine its flavour and structure before fermentation is completed. The result is a full gamut of flavours that can fit into any culinary pairing.
The most aromatic, elegant styles of Shira are grown in regions with warm days and cool nights and show jammy, dark berry and plummy fruit flavours. It is popularly produced in Barossa, McLaren Vale, Langhorne Creek, Heathcote, Hunter Valley, Canberra District, McLaren Vale, Eden Valley and Mount Barker.
These are the main wine varieties produced by many of Australia’s wineries and vineyards. Research is still on to improve their taste and come up with more varieties. You can contact us for more information.